81 years Yekatit 12 or February 19-21, 2018 anti-fascist war commemoration ,and 122 years Adwa Victory on March 1-3, 2018 are recognised .. we are not historians but because we love our beloved Ethiopia we continue to engage.. be good on Yekatit. 12,. General Hailu Kebede whom the Italians cut off his head and his head is still in Italy , Abrha Debotch and Mogus Asgedom who fought Graziani and got killed are remembered regularly.. and especially this year!!!
In South Africa the leader of the South African Parliament Prof. Mathole who is a great Ethiopianist has agreed to make the commemoration of Yekatit 12 and the celebration of Adwa by combining it with Africa History month.. Please try to do wherever you are the best you can!
Professor Mammo Muchie
Yekatit 12 is a date in the Ethiopian calendar, equivalent to 19 February in the Gregorian calendar, which is commonly used to refer to the indiscriminate massacre, known as the Addis Ababa massacre, and imprisonment of Ethiopians by elements of the Italian occupation forces following an attempted assassination of Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, Marchese di Neghelli, Viceroy of Italian East Africa, on 19 February 1937. Marshal The Marchese di Neghelli had led the Italian forces to victory over their Ethiopian opponents in the Second Italian invasion of Ethiopia and was supreme governor of Italian East Africa. This was one of the worst atrocities committed by the Italian occupation forces and has been described as the worst massacre in Ethiopian history.
Estimates of the number of people killed in the three days that followed the attempt on the Marchese di Neghelli’s life vary. Ethiopian sources afterwards estimated as many as 30,000 people were killed by the Italians, while Italian sources claimed only a few hundred were killed. Over the following week, numerous Ethiopians suspected or accused of opposing Italian rule were rounded up and executed, including members of the Black Lions, and other members of the aristocracy; most of the 125 young men whom Emperor Haile Selassie had sent abroad to receive college education, and were still resident in Ethiopia, were killed. Many more were imprisoned, even collaborators like Ras Gebre Haywot, the son of Ras Mikael of Wollo (who had been imprisoned by Emperor Haile Selassie for nine years prior to the Italian invasion), Brehane Markos, and even Ayale Gebre; the latter had helped the Italians identify the two men who made the attempt on General Graziani’s life. —– Read More—–