Africa Has Suffered 20 Billion USD Loss In Over Decade Due to Cyber Attacks

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Addis Ababa (ENA) November 29/2022 The continent of Africa has incurred 20 billion USD loss as a result of 873 million cyber-attacks in the period from 2011-2021, data from sources such as the World Bank, International Telecommunication Union, Telecom Regulators, DataReportal revealed.

Regional Cyber-attacks/Financial Losses 2011-2021 include the report of 40 African nations, 15 Latin America and 15 Asia/ Middle East countries.  

Lead Consultant for the UN Research on Cyber Security Development, Jimson Olufuye said cyber security challenge relates to all nations and this implies that all nations need to collaborate.

For cyber space, we need to enact appropriate laws, putting regulations that will ensure even capacity development for citizens to enable them to know what to do or not, he added.       

“There is positive cyber security in which about 65 percent of African countries have well organized cyber security activity; and we need to continue the process. Data show that if we continue to watch the security of the internet (cyber space) our GDP will rise and income increase for our people.”

According to him, low per capita output in Africa is a reflection of lack of proportionate increase in income, implying that African countries need to diversify their income base and boost intra- African trade.

“The stronger a nation’s cyber security posture, the lower the financial losses per capita. Nations therefore need to take cyber security seriously to reduce losses, if not completely eliminate it,” Olufuye noted.

He recommended the need for stable and accountable national/organizational governance system over a sustained period of time for cyber security to have stronger correlation with development.

Laws requiring disclosure of cyber-attacks and losses in corporate entities and individuals should be enacted to promote transparency and accountability towards improved effort at addressing the cyber security challenge.

The consultant further recommended that mechanisms be put in place to make it easy for victims to report such cases.

Example: Web app that enhances ease of reporting with free tips on how to prevent future attacks and recover from losses.

Olufuye stated that as security offline is critical to economic development, likewise is cyber security critical to internet enabled economic development activities in the fast pace for the 4th industrial revolution due to positive correlation of Internet Penetration and Cyber security to GDP data across all the research regions.

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Int’l Partner Institutions, Countries Not Providing Enough Support for Refugees in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa (ENA) November 29/2022 International partner institutions and countries are not providing enough support for refugees in Ethiopia, according to the Refugee and Returnee Service (RRS).

Following the peace agreement signed between the Government of Ethiopia and the TPLF, more than 7,000 refugees who were in Mai-Aini and Adi-Harush shelters in Tigray region were moved to the newly established Alem-Wach shelter in Dabat district.

Refugee and Returnee Service Director-General Tesfahun Gobezay told ENA that Ethiopia has been doing its best to provide support and protection for refugees despite its limited capacity.

However, international partner institutions and countries are still not providing enough support for refugees, he said.

Ethiopia has established the Alem-Wach refugee camp in Dabat district of North Gondar Zone, it was learned.

There are more than 22,000 refugees in the Alem-Wach refugee camp; and out of the 23,000 refugees in the two camps, more than 15,000 have already been relocated.

Following the peace deal, more than 7,000 refugees from Mai-Aini and Adi-Harush have moved to Alem-Wach.

Tesfahun stated that with the number of refugees in the Alem-Wach refugee camp established in a short period of time, it is difficult to meet basic services of refugees at the required level.

Therefore, the support of others is needed to alleviate the problem.  

According to the director-general, the international partner institutions and countries are not providing as much support as required.

He, therefore, called on institutions and countries to understand the seriousness of the problem and provide them with further support for the refugees.

Tesfahun requested the assistance of international organizations in the effort to provide water and other basic services for the Alem-Wach refugee camp.

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Attractive Tourist Destinations Emerging in Addis Ababa: Ministry of Tourism

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Addis Ababa (ENA) November 29/2022 Addis Ababa, which is referred to as the political capital of Africa due to its historical, diplomatic, and political significance for the continent, is opening new tourist destinations, according to Ministry of Tourism.

In an exclusive interview with ENA, Tourism State Minister Selamawit Dawit stated that Unity Park, Entoto Park, Friendship Park, Science Museum, and the National Palace Museum are among the new tourism destinations expected to enhance tourism.

According to her, efforts are being exerted to make Addis Ababa a vibrant city where citizens and tourists enjoy and conference tourism flourishes.      

Conference tourism is growing across the globe and this creates opportunity for host countries, including Ethiopia, she added.

Selamawit stated that the capital Addis Ababa held 5 exhibitions and international conferences, including a fashion show, since September, 2022.

The state minister pointed out that the Unity Park is quite an attraction that shows Ethiopia in one place by displaying its natural and made attractions as well all the cultures of the regional states.

Unity Park is the busiest destination in the city currently, according to her.

State Minister further said opportunities are created to all arrival to Addis Ababa family visiting, conference participants, or any other work related visitors to enable them to visit Unity Park.

Entoto Natural Park located at the north edge of Addis Ababa on the other hand delivers services with many indoor and outdoor adventures and recreational activities.

The completion of the Friendship project and the National Palace will bring impacts in enhancing the city’s tourism access and enhance the Addis Ababa’s level with respect to tourism, the state minster noted.

She further revealed that the tourism package, which was a single day in the city, is now elongated to 3-4 days due to the increase in the number tourist destinations in the city.

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News: Inquiry reveals counterfeit academic credentials in Dawro Zone

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Dawro Zone administrator Desta Demissie. Photo: Dawro Zone communication office

Addis Ababa – The newly established Southwest Ethiopia Peoples Regional State said the first round of educational document authentication operation carried out in Dawro Zone revealed 19 employees with counterfeit academic credentials.

According to the communication office of the Dawro Zone it has verified a total of 373 academic credentials. “Of these 19 of them,- seven male and 12 women, are turned out fake,” it stated.

Dawro Zone Administrator Desta Demissie said that fake academic credentials, illegal recruitment, inaccurate performance evaluations and promotions have remained some of the major challenges in the region. The zone will resume the investigation against these crimes and make the results accessible to the wider public, according to the zone.

It is explained that the disruption caused by fake education credentials on the government’s service delivery process is very significant and the losses it causes on the government and public budget are also high. The false educational documents will be jeopardized to build strong citizens who strive for the development of the country in the process of education.

It is also stated that administrative and legal action will be taken against government employees whose educational document is found to be false in the first round of screening.

The data clearing work has been started by the leadership and all the structures in the zone and the results will be announced continuously and called the public to cooperate in clearing the fake education documents, illegal recruitment and meritless promotion.

Similarly, the Bench Sheko Zone of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) Regional State has also disclosed on 21 November that its investigations on academic credentials of employees of the districts and city administrations, 75 academic credentials were identified as fake.

The investigation is currently underway throughout the zone and will publicize the result as soon as it completes its operation, according to the zone’s communications office statement.

Last month, the Ethiopian ministry of education affirmed its commitment to fight fake academic credentials, adding that the ministry is working to bring major shifts in the education sector within the coming four years.

“We cannot continue with an education system where stolen and fake educational credentials are given,” said Professor Berhanu Nega. He added that “we should work with determination to solve the problems in the education system.” AS

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UN Secretary-General Says Future of Digital Must be Human Centered

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Addis Ababa (ENA) November 29/2022 The future of digital must be human centered by building a resilient internet for a shared, sustainable and common future, Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres said.

Delivering his video message at the opening of the 17th Internet Governance Forum (IGF) being underway in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa today, Secretary-General Guterres said “We often hear that the future will be digital, but the future of digital must be human centered.”

He stated that it is also the motivation behind my proposed Global Digital Compact on an open, free, inclusive and secure digital future for all.  

“We are aiming for this compact to be agreed by governments at the 2024 summit of the future, with inputs from technology companies, civil society, academia and others,”  The Secretary- General said.

For the Secretary-General, the compact firmly anchored in human rights aims to deliver in three areas as universal connectivity, closing the digital divide and reaching the 3 billion people who are offline, the majority of who live in the global south.   

A safe, secure, human centered digital space begins with the protection of free speech, freedom of expression and the right to online autonomy and privacy, he further indicated.

Governments, tech companies and social media platforms have a responsibility to prevent online bullying and deadly disinformation that undermines democracy, human rights and science, the Secretary-General noted.

The digital compact should focus on ways in which governments working with technology companies and others can foster the safe and responsible use of data.

“We are seeing the growing use and abuse of data. Our data is being used to shape and manipulate our perceptions without our even realizing it. Governments can exploit the data to control the behavior of their own citizens, violating human rights of individuals and groups.”

The secretary-General stressed the need to keep working for a safe, equitable and open digital future that does not infringe on privacy or dignity.

He urged the IGF and its leadership panel to help carry all of the issues forward, bringing together governments, the private sector, civil society and more through concrete actions for the safe, sustainable and inclusive digital future.

Ethiopia is hosting the 17th IGF international meeting in collaboration with UNECA that attracted more than 2,500 participants from across the world including representatives of governments, international organizations, private sectors as well as academician.  

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News: Up to 30% children in Tigray face acute malnutrition, five million in need as aid remain far from adequate: UN

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Health worker Mengistu Atalay attends to a newborn baby, asphyxiated at birth, in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Mai Tsebri Primary Hospital.  Photo: ©UNICEF Ethiopia/2021/Demissew Bizuwerk

Addis Abeba -A report by the UN released yesterday revealed that an estimated 30% children in the Tigray region are facing “acute malnutrition” while more than five million people are in need of food assistance as humanitarian supply arriving in the region “remain far from what is needed to meet the huge needs.”

The Tigray region has been under what the UN called a “de facto blockade,” for more than a year, which contributed to the immense needs including acute malnutrition and deaths from hunger.

UNICEF had flagged the alarming rise in child malnutrition in the Tigray region as far back as June 2021. “More young children and babies slide dangerously close to sickness and potential death from malnutrition,” UNICEF warned then, “the world cannot permit that to happen.”

In the last two weeks, there has been “some gradual but tangible improvements in access into the Tigray region following the recent Cessation of Hostilities agreement,” the UN said, “however, what has arrived in Tigray remains far from what is needed to meet the huge needs there. More than 5 million people are in need of food assistance and an estimated 30 per cent of children are facing acute malnutrition.”

Access to most parts of neighboring areas of Amhara and Afar has improved in recent weeks. “However, we need to scale-up our work to help all those in need,” the UN said.

From the 15th to the 24th of November, more than 450 trucks carrying aid, by the Government and by the UN and NGOs, have arrived in Tigray. “The majority of this is food aid and some of it is medical and agricultural supplies. Some fuel and cash supplies have also been brought in. Sustaining and building on these movements to ensure that the required food and other items can reach all those in need is critical.”

The inadequacy of the humanitarian supply reaching Tigray was reflected by Atnket Mezgebo, head of the Tigray Agriculture and Natural Resources Development Bureau, who told the regional media on 27 November that over 6.5 million people in Tigray werein urgent need of humanitarian aid. He said although more than 36,000 quintals of humanitarian aid reached Tigray following the signed peace agreement, it is a limited supply in comparison to the scope of the humanitarian crisis in the region.

According to the UN, in addition to the humanitarian crisis in Tigray, Afar, Amhara regions, Ethiopia is experiencing a historic drought, and, in the Bale zone of Oromia and the Liban zone of the Somali region, there is an ongoing cholera outbreak. “Nearly 500 people have been affected, including 20 deaths, and hundreds of thousands more people remain at risk. The UN and partners are providing health and water and sanitation assistance.”

Furthermore, conflict in western Oromia also continues to drive people from their homes and has hampered our ability to provide aid.

According to the latest revised humanitarian response plan which is based on data as of June-July 2022, continued insecurity, including conflicts and multiple episodes of violence, as well as the ongoing drought that affected several parts of Ethiopia drove the need for Ethiopia’s mid-year humanitarian response to rise to $3.335 billion from US$ 3.085 billion at the start of 2022. AS

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Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia Discuss Regarding Migrant Workers –

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Addis Ababa, November 29, 2022 (Walta) – Ethiopian Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Lencho Bati and Ambassador Mulugeta Kelil, Consul General of Ethiopia’s General Consulate in Jeddah, conferred with a Saudi delegation.

The delegation led by Ambassador Mohammed Alshammari (PhD), consists of higher officials from Saudi Immigration, the Interior Ministry, and the Immigration Detention Center, Makkah region branch.

The two sides discussed a variety of issues, including the resumed repatriation of Ethiopian nationals under difficult circumstances, convicts who served their sentences and are awaiting repatriation.

They have also exchanged views on the ways in which Ethiopian nationals who entered the Kingdom through various routes but lost their legal residency in due course could be granted a special amnesty to leave the country without detention.

The conversation also touched on the Ethiopian government’s determination to stem irregular migration and it hopes that the labor agreement struck between the two governments will be implemented so that Ethiopians can come and work in the Kingdom while their rights and privileges are respected.

Recalling the long historical ties between the two countries, Ambassador Alshammari noted the importance Saudi Arabia attaches to this relationship and congratulated the government of Ethiopia on reaching a milestone agreement, putting an end to the conflict in Northern Ethiopia.

He also expressed Saudi Arabia’s commitment to assisting Ethiopia in the repatriation of its people from Saudi deportation centers, as well as his government’s willingness to collaborate on the mechanisms proposed by Ethiopia for the repatriation of convicts who have served their sentences.

He mentioned his government’s steadfast commitment to implementing the special amnesty provided to Ethiopian nationals who had lost their legal residency status and were willing to return.

He emphasized the efforts being made to safeguard the porous border through which illegal migrants enter the Kingdom, according to MoFA

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DPM, FM Demeke Appreciates Eswatini’s Solid, Balanced Stance Towards Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa (ENA) November 28/2022  Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Demeke Mekonnen, appreciated Eswatini’s principled, solid, and balanced stance towards Ethiopia during testing time such as the recent security situation.

Demeke received and discussed bilateral and regional issues with the Eswatini Foreign Minister, Thulisile Dladla today.

During the occasion, Demeke briefed the Eswatini counterpart about the current developments in Ethiopia and the peace agreement signed in Pretoria.

He stated that his government is moving forward with the peace agreement’s implementation, adding that Ethiopia is in a promising situation for a lasting peace.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Eswatini, on her part, congratulated the people and Government of Ethiopia for reaching the peace agreement.

She assured that her country is ready to provide all possible support for its successful implementation.

She emphasized the value the Kingdom of Esawtini places on its relationship with Ethiopia and its desire to continue fostering cooperation for mutual benefits.

Concluding their discussion, the two Foreign Ministers reached an understanding to work together to strengthen bilateral friendship and strategic multilateral cooperation between Ethiopia and Eswatini.

Eswatini has its embassy in Addis Ababa since 2004 while the Ethiopian Embassy in South Africa is accredited to Eswatini.

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Experts, Private Sector Actors Say Special Economic Zones Will Encourage FDI, Expedite Economic Dev’t

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Addis Ababa (ENA) November 28/2022 The establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in Ethiopia will encourage foreign investment vital for the economic development of the country, private sector actors and experts said.

The government of Ethiopia is working to strengthen international trade connectivity by establishing Special Economic Zones.

In a bid to realizing this government is set to modify the Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Proclamation.

The proclamation aimed at strengthening the country’s drive to attract foreign direct investment, create jobs, enhance trade and productive sectors, integrate into global value chains, and generate sustainable growth.

Members of the private sector actors and experts have lauded governments’ commitment to the establishment of Special Economic Zones which is believed to play a vital role in improving the export system of the country, increase Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and create wide employment opportunities.   

GIZ Key Expert to E-governance, Elie Sawaya, said the establishment of SEZ will undoubtedly make Ethiopia a regional hub for manufacturing and service provision for neighboring countries.

It is a good step where special economic zone allow improving service delivery and economic growth.

According to him, SEZ will be a tool for the government in order to improve the services delivered by different branches of administration.

China had applied this model back in the 70s, he said, adding SEZ’s has allowed rapid economic expansion in China. The country has grown from being a closed economy with little interaction beyond its borders, he said.

It enabled it to spread economic development across different verticals, Sawaya said.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries have also used the SEZ model in order to develop their economy, industry and their regional economic machines, he added.

Mesfin Tafesse & Associates, Managing Director, Mesfin Tadesse, who provides legal assistance to companies in industrial parks, said, we in Ethiopia have been forming industrial parks in the past many years.

The proposed  proclamation drafted with the objective to expedite the development of SEZ in Ethiopia will enable the country to expand and cover industrial parks that are primarily aimed at manufacturers, especially export oriented ones.

‘‘SEZ’s includes other sectors, for example, services; it enables broader intervention to improve better efficiency and effectiveness as a development endeavor.’’ he said adding ‘by bringing together different areas of activities and providing very targeted services to this organization, the business entities would be able to be more efficient in their services, in the treatment of their taxation status, in various ways to bring a better prospect for businesses operating in these zones.’’

The Ethiopian Netherlands Business Association in Ethiopia (ENLBA) Coordinator, Betelehem Fikre, on her part said that the planned SEZ modification will have a lot of benefits for businesses to flourish in Ethiopia.  Among the first one is a less bureaucracy and greatly improve doing business process.

According to her, since the Netherlands is the 10th largest investor in Ethiopia and the largest in the European Union, the establishment of SEZ’s will be very beneficial to Dutch businesses as well.

If done well, SEZs are a great vehicle for international trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) to drive economic development, Betelehem stated.

Until 2021, some 93 Dutch businesses have already invested over a billion USD in Ethiopia.

It is to be recalled that Ethiopia had opened its first Free Trade Zone in Dire Dawa last August.

The establishment of free trade zone, one of the initiatives set in the 10-year perspective development plan of Ethiopia, is aligned with the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) as well as realizing regional integration.

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Ethiopia Condemns Cowardly Acts of Al-Shabab on Hotel Villa Rose in Somalia

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Addis Ababa (ENA) November 28/2022 The Government of Ethiopia condemned the cowardly acts of Al-Shabab on hotel Villa Rose, near the State house (Villa Somalia) on 27 November 2022.

The government of Ethiopia has also conveyed its deepest condolences to the families of the victims as well as to the government of Somalia, Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement.

“The government of Ethiopia stands in solidarity with the government and people of the Federal Republic of Somalia at this difficult moment and expresses its readiness to closely work together with the government of the Federal Republic of Somalia in the fight against Terrorism,” it added.

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