The emergence of modern socialists

Throughout most of American history, the idea of socialism has been a hopeless, often vaguely defined dream. So distant were its prospects at midcentury that the best definition Irving Howe and Lewis Coser, editors of the socialist periodical Dissent, could

Deputy PM & FM meets His Counterparts from UK, Turkey, Mozambique

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September 23/2022 (ENA) Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen has a separate UNGA sideline meeting with the UK’s Minister of State for Development, Vicky Ford, the Foreign Minister of Turkiye, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu and the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Mozambique, Manuel Gonçalves.

The information from Ministry of Foreign Affairs indicated that the discussions revolved around bilateral and regional issues of mutual interest, noting the need to deepen ties.

In the discussion with the UK Minister of State for Development, the two sides noted the need to expedite humanitarian support to people who are affected by drought and conflict.

Demeke’s discussion with the Foreign Minister of Turkiye noted the friendly and time-tested relationships that exist between Ethiopia and Turkiye which needs to be further strengthened with diversified engagements.

In his conversation with his Mozambican counterpart, the Deputy Prime Minister said Ethiopia expects Mozambique to play a positive role as a new non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.

The Foreign Minister of Mozambique thanked Ethiopia for its support in the election and pledged to advocate African issues in line with the maxim of “African solutions to African problems.”

Mozambique was elected in June 2022 as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council along with Ecuador, Japan, Malta, and Switzerland, replacing India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico, and Norway.

The new non-permanent members of the UN Security Council will take up their positions on the 1st of January 2023.

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UNDP to Share Ethiopia’s Green Legacy Initiative with 10 African Countries

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Addis Ababa September 23/2022 (ENA) The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has announced plan to share the experiences of Ethiopia’s Green Legacy Initiative with about 10 other African countries and make the Initiative pan-African.

A high-level UN side event held on Thursday in New York to discuss Ethiopia’s Green Legacy Initiative and its role in battling climate change and easing the socio-economic crisis.

The high-level side event was organized by the Government of Ethiopia in partnership with UNDP and the African Union Mission to the UN.

During the occasion, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Demeke Mekonnen noted that the Green Legacy initiative in Ethiopia strengthens regional cooperation and will ultimately serve as a crucial platform to ensure peace and stability in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa.

Ethiopia provided high-quality seedlings of preference to some of its neighbors last year and plans to do the same in the years to come in an effort to promote regional cooperation and combat the negative effects of climate change, Mr. Demeke said.

Demeke praised the initiative, which is led by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, thanked UNDP for its partnership with Ethiopia and called on support for the Initiative from bilateral and multilateral development partners.

Supporting the Green Legacy Initiative, according to Demeke, has an enormous advantage for national, regional, and international adaptation and mitigation of the harmful effects of climate change, biodiversity preservation, combating desertification, ensuring green development, ensuring food security, and achieving the SDGs.

Alhaji Fall, speaking on behalf of Ahunna Eziakonwa, Assistant Administrator and Regional Director for Africa at the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), described the Green Legacy initiative as a stepping stone to a better future for Ethiopia.

Announcing UNDP’s plan to share Ethiopia’s experiences with about 10 other countries and make the Green Legacy initiative pan-African, he praised Ethiopia for setting the pace in combating climate change and for fostering community resilience.

A technical committee coordinator for the Green Legacy initiative, Dr. Adefres Worku tabled a presentation outlining the initiative’s three years of experience and potential benefits at the continental level.

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Ethiopia, S. Sudan Agree to Work Together on Infrastructural Connectivity

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Addis Ababa September 22/2022 /ENA/ High level delegation led by the Vice President of South Sudan, Taban Deng Gai discussed with senior Ethiopian government officials led by the Minister of Finance Ahmed Shide today.

It is to be recalled that a high level  South Sudanese government delegation led by the Vice President of South Sudan, Taban Deng Gai has arrived in Addis Ababa on Wednesday for a three day working visit to Ethiopia.

As part of the visit the delegation has met today with Ethiopian Ministers led by Finance Minister Ahmed Shide to discuss on the way to enhancing infrastructure connectivity between the two countries.  

The officials have also discussed and agreed on ways to enhance their previously designed plans  in the areas of roads infrastructure, energy, telecommunications, water transportation, and other vital economic sectors with a view to creating integration for mutual benefits.

During the occasion, the two sides agreed to undertake to road projects with a view to enhancing their connectivity.

Information, Communication Technology and Postal Services Minister Michael Makuei Lueth said after the discussion that it is great news for the two parties to cooperate, work together for the mutual trust of the two countries.   

He thanked the government of Ethiopia for its long standing support to its South Sudanese counterpart in various aspects expressing hope that the support will further continue.  

“We thank the government of Ethiopia for standing all this time together with the government of South Sudan in all aspects. We are longing for further support in these areas. As for the agreed projects, the projects will be operationalized and put in to considerations as soon as all the technical aspects are addressed.”  

He said that it is worth mentioning that south Sudan, the land lacked country, will benefit from the port of Djibouti using Ethiopia as transport hub. Trade can be facilitated by Ethiopia through Djibouti corridor, he added.  

“We expect Ethiopia to support us so that we can grow and be strong as Ethiopia is today.”  

Finance Minister Ahmed Shide on his part said that the two sides have concluded a very important agreement in terms of advancing two road projects.

The projects will be given utmost priority to open up transportation so that connectivity of South Sudan will be enhanced via Ethiopia through Djibouti corridor, the minister added.

“These projects will be financed jointly and we have agreed to finalize the feasibility and preparations in terms of selecting contractor so that the joint financing mechanism will be worked upon, ” Ahmed said.  

In transport connectivity, river, fiber optics and transmission line connectivity has been agreed upon and the preparation to realizing the agreement will be commenced right after this meeting.

As soon as the preparations are completed we will work together for resource mobilization and reaching out to development financial institution as part of the Horn of Africa initiative, he added.

“We comprehensively agreed to work on joint infrastructural connectivity that will overcome geographic barriers in terms of trade and logistics flows between our two countries and people to people relations. We have also agreed to work on aviation sector. Ethiopia has massive experience in airport building. With this capacity, we have agreed also to share our experience and work on joint mechanism on aviation connectivity and development with the republic of South Sudan.”   

Ethiopia will continue to work and support the peaceful process in south Sudan the minister said, noting the need for regional peace and development in the two countries as they are very vital for infrastructural development.

“We have very comprehensive political commitment and will to advance the cooperation between the two countries.”    

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Groundwater-based Irrigation Project that Benefits Close to 1.48 Million Ethiopians Launched

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Addis Ababa September 22/2022 /ENA/ A 5-year project, which is expected to benefit about 1.48 million people from groundwater-based irrigation facilities and water supply in Ethiopia, was launched in Addis Ababa today.

Speaking at the Horn of Africa Groundwater for Resilience Project Launching Workshop, Water and Energy Minister Habtamu Itefa said approximately 1.48 million people are expected to  benefit from groundwater based water supply and irrigation facilities.

He added that the 210-million-USD fund is all grant and 67 percent leveraged from the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank.

The African Development Bank and the European Union have also supported the project financially, it was learned.

According to the minister, the project is important and very timely to the effects of climate change.   

“The project is very timely in responding to the ongoing drought that our country is facing. All targeted woredas by the project are those highly affected by drought and vulnerable to climate shocks,” Habtamu elaborated.

The project will support the ministry to carry out groundwater potential assessment in 67 prioritized woredas and the project finance development of ground-based water supply in 55 woredas, according to the minister.

World Bank Water Global Practice Manager, Soma Ghosh Moulik said the regional project included Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia as well as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in its first phase.

“This is a regional project with a total of 385 million USD and covers three countries: Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia as well as IGAD in the first phase, of which Ethiopia alone receives 210 million USD, which is the lion’s share of the project of the first phase, and this is an IDA grant.”

The regional project fosters cooperation between Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and IGAD that will work together to tap into the largely untapped groundwater resources in the region to cope up with and adopt to the effects of climate change, mainly drought.

Noting that the financial instrument allows countries to join the project as they meet the readiness criteria, the manager said South Sudan and Djibouti are making preparations to join the project in the second phase.

According to her, Ethiopia is the first country to meet both the readiness criteria and declare the project effective as of 2nd August 2022.  

The project is expected to build trust and foster cooperation among countries in the IGAD region as most of the identified groundwater resources are transboundary, it was pointed out.    

This first phase of the regional project is expected to reach 3.3 million direct beneficiaries through interventions designed to increase access to water supply and reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts.  

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ICHREE Report More of Political Statement Than Human Rights Investigation: Permanent Representative of Ethiopia to UN in Geneva

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Addis Ababa September 22/2022 (ENA) The report of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia (ICHREE) is more of a political statement than any human rights investigation, the Permanent Representative of Ethiopia to the UN in Geneva said.

Speaking to ENA from Geneva, Switzerland, Ambassador Zenebe Kebede said the report is a document with an  ill-intended  motive.

 “It (the report) was politically motivated. The  Commission of Human Rights Experts said they have contacted the TPLF and what we can understand (from that) is they simply received a dictation from the TPLF and put their report as an investigation. Rather, it is a political statement.”

Recall that the ICHREE presented its initial findings on the alleged human right violation in Tigray and accused the Ethiopian government of crimes against humanity.

Ambassador Zenebe recalled that from the outset Ethiopia had opposed the resolution establishing the experts commission on Ethiopia last December 2021.

 This was because the establishment of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia was totally politically motivated, he noted.    

 Explaining why the government opposed the formation of the ICHREE from the outset, Ambassador Zenebe explained that it was established to repeat what has already been done by the joint investigation report of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission and the Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights into alleged human rights violations.  

The findings of the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) was submitted to the Human Right Council in Geneva and the Council also endorsed it unanimously without any reservation as well as without any precondition.

The recommendation of the JIT was finally submitted to the Government of Ethiopia to conduct a criminal investigation and ensure accountability, he stated.

The government accordingly established the Inter-Ministerial Task Force tasked with the implementation of the recommendations by the joint investigation team.

So all the investigations have been done by the JIT in a very full-flagged way, the ambassador pointed out.

The establishment of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia was therefore politically motivated.

Following the release of the ICHREE report, the Government of Ethiopia has submitted a list of 100 main observations on the draft report and sent it to the President of the Human Rights Council to be distributed to members of the Council.

Questioning the motive of the European Union when they called a special session and tabled their resolution to establish ICHREE, the Permanent Representative said they were not satisfied by the well-done investigation of the JIT.

The ambassador hinted that the Western powers were concocting to suggest genocide and use  humanitarian aid as instrument of war in the joint instigation.

 “They were expecting these to appear in the report of JIT. However, the joint investigation meticulously investigated the situation and clearly indicated to the Human Rights Council here in Geneva that there was no sufficient evidence that shows genocide and humanitarian aid as instrument of war.”

Even though Ethiopia engaged ICHREE in Geneva once  and invited them to Addis Ababa to get in touch with stakeholders and  authorities in Ethiopia, the ambassador indicated that they finally failed to agree on the modalities of engagement.

“So we didn’t allow them in. As a result, they came up with a report which does not have any methodology, any standard of investigation, evidence collection and analysis, and arriving at the conclusion.”

All in all, Ambassador Zenebe said this international commission report has to incriminate the Government of Ethiopia by going silent and taking easy atrocities that have already been committed by the TPLF in Amhara and Afar regions.

 Therefore, the politically motivated result will never bear fruit, he underlined.  

 The ambassador finally called on the international community to act based on principles, international rules and stop meddling into the internal affairs of Ethiopia.

 The international community should stop undue pressure against Ethiopia, supporting the TPLF and stand by the Government of Ethiopia. “This government is a legitimate fully supported and elected by the people.”

 Since TPLF is a terrorist group, the ambassador warned those countries to stop helping the group and support the peace alternative by the Ethiopian government. 

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DPM & FM Demeke Says Ethiopia Commits Itself to Scale up Ties with UAE

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Addis Ababa September 22/2022 (ENA)  Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister Demeke Mekonnen met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York.

During the meeting, Demeke stressed that the two countries should scale up their relationships to further strengthen mutually beneficial outcomes.

For his part, Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, noted the potential of the two countries to cement ties in trade and investment.

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke also had a sideline meeting with European Union Commissioner for International Partnerships,  Jutta Urpilainen.

During their conversation, he discussed the current conditions in the northern region of Ethiopia and expressed his country’s keen interest in reinvigorating relations with the EU.

According to Jutta Urpilainen, the European Union wants to see peace in Ethiopia and stands ready to support development efforts of the country.

In a separate conversation, Peter Maurer, president of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke discussed the importance of continuing to work with the Ethiopian government and the ICRC’s commendable activities in Ethiopia.

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UNOCHA Says Keen on Enhancing Support for Ethiopia

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September 22/2022 (ENA)  Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen held discussions with United Nations Office for the Coordinations of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) head, Martin Griffiths on the margins of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

The Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister underscored the importance of expanding humanitarian support to people in need in Ethiopia, according to Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

On his part, Griffits said UNOCHA is desirous to engage and cooperate with the Government of Ethiopia.

Meanwhile, Demeke also met his Somali counterpart and discussed bilateral and regional issues of mutual interest.

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Ethiopia Rejects Report of ICHREE as Biased, Politically Motivated –

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Addis Ababa, September 22, 2022 (Walta) – Ethiopia’s permanent representative to the UN in Geneva, Ambassador Zenebe Kebede, said the commission was “politically motivated” and their conclusions were unprofessional and biased.

Ethiopia has been the subject of unfair and biased scrutiny at this August body for more than a year now, said the Ambassador.

“Such misguided campaign against Ethiopia must stop at a time the government of Ethiopia is implementing the recommendations of the joint investigating team. Ethiopia abides by its international, human rights and international humanitarian law obligations.

Even at a time, the country is confronting an insurrectionist armed group that has endangered the sovereignty and territorial Integrity of the country, Ethiopia remains firmly committed to Human Rights,” he said.

The Insurrection is group is clearly intent on reversing the political and economic reforms being implemented by a popularly elected government and is trying to use violence to bring about unconstitutional change of government.

“From the outset Ethiopia objected to the establishment of the commission. The commission was founded on a series of erroneous premises. Ironically some members of this Council confess this and expressed regrets to us arguing that this was politically motivated.”

Despite these reservations, however, the government engaged the commission, in a genuine effort of arriving at modalities that could have allowed us to work with the commission.

The commission was adamant that its mandate is not confined to the conflict area, but the whole country. It also wanted as it did to unnecessarily duplicate and undermine the work of the joint investigation team, he underscored.

“The commission has now has submitted a report of substandard quality its allegations are unsubstantiated and not meeting the standard of proof for such investigations. The report fails to meet a modicum of objectivity, professionalism and impartiality.”

“It makes grave accusations against the government and its armored forces without adducing a proof just based on telephone conversation and a web-based submissions; this is the irresponsible. This practice of targeting countries, like Ethiopia undermines the authority and the credibility of the Human Rights Council,” he added.

The report is selective and discriminatory and its conclusion is politically motivated, Ambassador Zenebe noted.

The TPL bluntly violated humanitarian truce reigniting the conflict by robbing the fuel that was destined for the delivery of humanitarian aid, he said. But, it is absurd that the commission tries to make the government sound like a culprit in this scenario.

“We believe there should be accountability and the safeguard to ensure that humanitarian aid will not be diverted to advancing the aggression of the TPLF.”

“The commission could have investigated atrocities committed by the TPLF in Amhara and Afar regions. However, it only made fleeting references, and also completely overlooked the use of child Soldiers and the violent and the forceful recruitment of child soldiers by the TPLF including in refugee camps, in neighboring countries. This calls into question the commission’s ability to shoulder this task objectively and impartially.”

“Ethiopia is taking concrete measures to bring perpetrators of human rights violation to Justice. In this endeavor, we will continue working with Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Ethiopia and other International Partners.  The inter-ministerial task force has published a preliminary report outlining is findings in relation to some of the areas affected by the conflict.”

Ethiopia is committed to peacefully resolve the conflict under the auspices of the African Union, he stated.

The Ambassador further called on the members of the council to reject the report and any attempt to extend the mandate of the commission.

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African Countries Renew Political Commitment to Silence the Guns: Patience Chiradza

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Addis Ababa September 22/2022 /ENA/ African countries have renewed political commitment to silencing guns by extending the deadline to 2030, Governance and Conflict Prevention Directorate of the Political Affairs, Peace and Security Department Director Patience Chiradza said.

The Africa amnesty month was held at the African Union Headquarters today with a continental dialogue towards achieving the goal of silencing the guns in Africa by 2030.

Chiradza told ENA that progresses are achieved to realize the continental agenda and will further be strengthened.

“Most of our member states have made significant progress in collecting small arms from those that have not been registered and we have seen almost all our member states are giving us report on that which I think is really good progress in terms of the steps that have been taken towards silencing the guns,” she added.

She also pointed out that the member states have shown a renewed commitment to go forward and achieve the continental agenda of silencing the guns.

Ethiopia’s Acting Permanent Representative to AU and UNECA, Nardos Ayalew said that the proliferation of illicit small arms and light weapons and their use in different parts of Africa have resulted in countless deaths, untold human suffering and population displacement.

Illicit firearms are also enablers of armed violence, and they fuel all forms of armed conflict, she added.

Ethiopia has adopted the proclamation on firearms, Nardos said, adding that firearms administration and management activities should be monitored with technological support.

However, she pointed out “challenges still remain in terms of expediting and consolidating implementation of Ethiopia’s national amnesty program, most of which revolve around gaps in financial and material support as well as capacity building.”

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News: KEFI Gold, govt agencies agree on action plan for first phase community resettlement, local employment, upgrading security at Tulu Kapi Gold Mines in Oromia

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Addis Abeba – Tulu Kapi Gold Mines (TKGM), the gold and copper exploration and development company with projects in Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia, said has successfully concluded a three-day workshop with representatives of various Ethiopian Government agencies and local representatives to agree the immediate actions required to enable launch of the Company’s Tulu Kapi Gold Project, located 28km east of Ayra-Gulliso town, in Western Oromia.

According to a statement KEFI Gold and Copper plc sent to Addis Standard, during the three-day workshop, TKGM and the various government agencies and others in attendance “agreed on action plans, including the implementation of the first phase of the community resettlement, increasing employment of local personnel for site preparations, and upgrading of security protection as people movement increases.”

Local stakeholders in attendance included the community representatives of project affected persons, the Ministry of Finance, the Oromia Regional Government Administration President’s Office, together with West Wolega Zone Administration, Oromia and Zonal Land Administration Office, rehabilitation and restoration agencies, Woreda Administrations of Genji, Gimbi and Lalo Asabi, local security forces, the Ethiopian Roads Authority and the Ethiopian Electric Power Company, the company said.

The workshop followed recent meetings between KEFI and the Ministry of Mines, Ministry of Finance and the office of the Prime Minster committing to collaboratively work intensely to finalize Government administrative clearances and other preparations for project construction and operating contracts and financing.

KEFI Executive Chairman, Harry Anagnostaras-Adams, commented: ” It is an honor for our team to work hand in hand with so many stakeholders including the community and the large number of Government agencies involved, to provide the local infrastructure and the support services. The Tulu Kapi Gold Project will be a first for many decades in Ethiopia and we all agreed over the past few days that it will be achieved by collaborative dedication to comply with the highest international standards for social, environmental and technical performance.”

The Tulu Kapi Gold Project is expected to be one of Ethiopia’s largest export generators with the first full year of production targeted to be in 2025 at approximately US$250 million, employment approximately 1,000 direct jobs and indirect employment of 5-10,000 people. AS

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